In 2016, Donald Trump called Hillary Clinton “the devil.” An Axios poll from late 2019 revealed that more than 20 percent of Democrats and Republicans viewed the other party as "evil.” Unyielding division is expressed and exacerbated as pop items besmirch candidates on all sides by showing them with iconic attributes of the Christian devil, such as horns. Demonization scapegoats and dehumanizes. It disallows necessary dialogue, compassion and empathy across differences – identified by Martin Luther King, Jr. as the basis of nonviolence and community. 


The Divided States of America
Cards and Canards
Who Is "America"? Whose "America" Is It?
Racism & Xenophobia
Immigrant Detentions and Contentions
Man Up
MeToo Movements
Misogyny and Misogynoir
Threats of Harm & Electoral Violence
Bullying, Shaming, and Lying
Pandemic Politics
Unmasked Meanings
God on Our Side
Gun Battles
Black Lives Matter
Pop Archetypes
Fake News, Troll Tidings
Disinformation and Conspiracy "Theories"
Talking Back to the Cap
Making and Remaking America
Show More

Dorothy F. Schmidt College of Arts and Letters
Florida Atlantic University

  • Black Instagram Icon